The body of a baby works of individual rights – and even the skin differs from adult skin, and therefore care need to be more careful. In order to avoid the swelling and nasty diseases must daily perform a series of procedures of hygiene. Because the newborn baby care of the skin ensures its purity, the absence of the rash and diaper rash, which will affect the health of the baby.
The structural characteristics of the skin of a baby.
When you see the springs in the light of the surface of his skin covered with a thin layer of fat that serves as a reliable barrier in the uterus. In the first place, it was believed that the fat must be cleaned or washed, but in the modern doctors recommend not to intervene in a biological process — and give it to totally absorb into the skin of the baby.
After the disappearance of the fat, the skin becomes of a reddish colour, and that is normal:
- the phenomenon is due to the increase in the number of blood cells;
- due to the proximity of the blood vessels and the lack of subcutaneous fat.
Perhaps the appearance of the pattern of vascular or "marble" in the hypothermic infants.
Skin care due to its soft: it is soft and velvety, thanks to the gun lanugo. Small thin hairs cover the back, both shoulders and hips even scratched. But after three days, the surface of the skin becomes dry and can develop flaking. It is also the adaptation of water-dwelling to air, since the sebaceous glands are operating intermittently. More susceptible to peeling from the foot of the baby and her hands due to the lack of a lipid foam that retains moisture.
Sometimes, the skin is covered with rash in the form of small white dots – Mily. They are safe, if parents do not begin to withdraw or remove. As soon as the normal functioning of the sebaceous glands will disappear. Red large ("flower"), indicate a hormonal imbalance of the child's body and also do not pose a threat to health.
Care of the rules
- To avoid accidental damage to the skin of a baby is nails for adults need short shaved and treated with a nail file.
- In the presence of the fungus, the inflammation, or boils, have an adult on hand, it is advisable to entrust the care of the skin of the baby healthy member of the family.
- Everything is good in moderation, therefore, it is better to use regular baby soap or unscented and water-based cream.
- Use children's cosmetics should be of high quality.
Every day after waking up with the baby need to wash with warm boiled water. In the first week of the water is heated up to 36, in addition it is possible to reduce the temperature to 25 C.
- Eyes wipe a cotton wet pad from the corner exterior to the interior.
- The filter from the outside was cleaned with a cotton wet swab.
- Twice a week, clean the outer layer of the eye. Don't forget to clean the areas behind the ears, because the dirt that accumulates there, leading to inflammation.
- At the end of the procedure it gently with a damp piece of cotton wool, to clean the face of the baby.
Care of the body
Up to six months, children should be every day bathing, and the cleaning carried out after each bowel movement. To prevent diaper rash, let the air of the bathroom it is desirable to practice a couple of times a day for 10-15 minutes to allow the skin to "breathe". To start with a minute, slowly increase the duration.
- Until the umbilical wound has healed, bathe the child with boiling water. The water to cool to 36 With soap and water daily is not necessary, but washing your hair to twice a week. After water treatment, the wound treated with brilliant green. Before you put in the diaper is completely wet (neither in a coma case, do not RUB!) the body of the baby with a towel or flannel diaper.
- Some pediatricians do not recommend bathing baby for the first 2-3 weeks to avoid an infection in the navel. In this case, the whole body of the baby to clean up every day with a soft cloth soaked in warm boiled water. Especially carefully it is necessary to wash the sheets and place in the diaper.
- After each trip to the bathroom the baby needs to be washed off, slide the hand away from the genitalia towards the gluteal fold. Also the cleaning is performed after each voiding 3 to in this web site does not have diaper rash.
- Skin care for babies includes the use of creams to protect the delicate surface of the irritating urine. That the ass does not sweat, make sure you use diaper cream or baby cream.
- After each bath, all the skin folds in the body of the baby to make sure you clean it with a baby oil to avoid diaper rash and dry skin.
Even if parents know how to care for the baby and your skin is not always possible to avoid problems:
- The majority of moms worried about the appearance of the baby's head scabs, which is not a disease. To remove them, you need to lubricate before bathing baby cream or vaseline oil. And when the child is in the bath, RUB the affected areas of the head with a cloth of gauze or bandage. A lot of pressure is not necessary, in order not to damage the delicate skin – enough circular light strokes.
- The appearance of the sweat, you should reconsider the custom of wrapping the baby and put him off too much clothing. Help you bath with infusion of chamomile, or decoction of oak bark.
- With diaper rash, you need to wash the crumbs after every urination and bowel movements, often changing the nappies and diapers. Diaper changes must be accompanied by the management of the inflammation of the area with a special cream. It is recommended air baths.
Proper care will give the children a good mood, health, and the mother of precious calm. It is sufficient to give the necessary attention to the resolution of the areas of the body to avoid serious skin diseases.